Monday, March 20, 2017

Vocabulary Control

Vocabulary Control
Information Access Through The Subject

VOCABULARY CONTROL
#LIBRARIANSHIPSTUDIES


The term ‘vocabulary control’ refers to a limited set of terms that must be used to index documents, and to search for these documents, in a particular system. It may be defined as a list of terms showing their relationships and used to represent the specific subject of the document.


An information system may help the user by explicitly assigning index terms (that is, words or notations) to the documents and controlling, at least in the case of alphabetical (word) systems, the  semantic and often the syntatic relationships between these index terms the words (which may be subject  headings or descriptors) are assigned from  recognized subject heading lists or thesauri, and the notations from recognized classification schedules, and thus use controlled vocabulary.  A controlled vocabulary is one in which there is only one term or notation in the vocabulary for any one concept. The Library of  Congress List of Subject Headings is an example of a controlled alphabetical vocabulary, and the Dewey Decimal Classification is an example of a notational vocabulary (By definition, all notational vocabularies must be controlled).


The controlled vocabulary performs several tasks:
  • It usually explicitly records the hierarchical and affinitive/associative relations of a concept. Examples: Allergy, narrower-term: Hay fever; 385 (Railroad transportation), 381.1 (economic aspects of railroad transportation)
  • It establishes the size and scope of each topic. For example, whether or not the word baseball or the notation 796.357 is to include the concept softball.
In addition, for word based systems, the controlled vocabulary identifies synonyms terms and selects one preferred term among them. For homonyms, it explicitly identifies the multiple concepts expressed by that word or phrase. In short, vocabulary control helps in overcoming problems that occur due to natural language of the document’s subject. Hence, if vocabulary control is not exercised different indexers or the same indexer might use different terms for the same concept on different occasions for indexing the documents dealing with the same subject and also use a different set of terms for representing the same subject at the time of searching. This, in turn, would result in ‘mis-match’ and thus affect information retrieval.


Contents



Vocabulary Control
  • Subject Heading List
    • List of Subject Headings-General Principles
  • Thesaurus
    • Structure of Thesaurus
    • Relationship Between Terms
    • Thesauri and Subject Headings List
    • Thesauri and Classification Schemes
    • Thesauro-Facet
    • Classaurus
  • Systematic Arrangement




LIKE Facebook Page - Librarianship Studies & Information Technology: https://www.facebook.com/librarianshipstudies/ and JOIN Google+ Community - Librarianship Studies & Information Technology: https://plus.google.com/communities/117182147088697693349 for more important updates on Library and Information Science

Tuesday, March 14, 2017

Problems of Natural Language in Indexing

Information Access Through The Subject

#LIBRARIANSHIPSTUDIES

A new article in the Librarianship Studies & Information Technology blog provides an exhaustive description of Problems of Natural Language in Indexing.

Derived indexing is based on the natural language of the documents which proves to be problematic sometimes in the Subject Indexing Process. These problems prompted to move towards the use of Assigned indexing. These problems  can be categorized under two heads:
  1. Problems inherent in the language
  2. Problems pertaining to relationships
… … …


LIKE Facebook Page @librarianshipstudies https://www.facebook.com/librarianshipstudies/ and JOIN Google+ Community - Librarianship Studies & Information Technology https://plus.google.com/communities/117182147088697693349 for more important updates on Library and Information Science

Saturday, March 04, 2017

Indexing Languages

Information Access Through The Subject

#LIBRARIANSHIPSTUDIES

A new article in the Librarianship Studies & Information Technology blog provides an exhaustive description of Indexing Languages.

A system for naming subjects in the way that we have described is called an indexing language, and, like any other language, it will consist of two parts: vocabulary and syntax.

Indexing language is a set of items (vocabulary) and devices for handling the relationships between them in a system for providing index descriptions. Indexing language is also referred to as retrieval language … … … 


LIKE Facebook Page Librarianship Studies & Information Technology and JOIN Google+ Community - Librarianship Studies & Information Technology for more important updates on Library and Information Science

RDA Cataloging News and RDA Bibliography

RDA Cataloging News and RDA Bibliography

New RDA Toolkit Design + Implementation of the LRM in RDA + RDA Toolkit Update, February 14, 2017
https://resourcedescriptionandaccess.blogspot.com/2016/05/rda-cataloging-news.html
#RDA #RDATOOLKIT #RDABLOG #LRM #LIBRARIANSHIPSTUDIES

RDA Cataloging News and RDA Bibliography article of Resource Description & Access (RDA) or RDA Blog blog is updated with new updates providing details of the new RDA Toolkit design and Implementation of the LRM in RDA

RDA Toolkit website has got a new elegant design:
At the top, there are 7 main links/menus, viz., HOME, SUBSCRIBE, NEWS & INFORMATION, TRAINING RESOURCES, RDA IN TRANSLATION, SHOP RDA, and MORE RESOURCES. The HOME refers to the RDA Toolkit home page. SUBSCRIBE menu has submenus: Pricing, New Subscriber, Renew, Authorized Distributors, Consortia, and Purchase Offline. NEWS & INFORMATION follows which is like a blog with new updates on RDA  … … ...

Implementation of the LRM in RDA:
The RDA Steering Committee (RSC) agreed at its November 2016 meeting to adopt the draft IFLA Library Reference Model (LRM) as a conceptual model for the development of RDA: Resource Description and Access, replacing the Functional Requirements family of models (FRBR, FRAD, and FRSAD) that are superseded by the LRM … …

RDA Toolkit Update, February 14, 2017:
A new release of the RDA Toolkit is published on Tuesday, February 14. This release contains a small number of Fast Track changes made through the normal Fast Track process … … ...
Read full update on RDA Blog: https://resourcedescriptionandaccess.blogspot.com/2016/05/rda-cataloging-news.html

LIKE Facebook Page - Resource Description and Access - RDA  and JOIN Google+ Community - RDA Cataloging for more important updates on RDA Cataloging & Metadata.

Friday, February 24, 2017

Assigned Indexing

 Information Access Through The Subject

A new article in the Librarianship Studies & Information Technology blog provides an exhaustive description of Assigned Indexing.

Assigned Indexing
If the terms are selected from the title or the text of a document and used without any alteration as index terms, then this is referred to as natural language indexing or derived indexing. If however, the selected terms are translated or encoded into authorized terms by the help of a prescribed list, then the indexing language becomes controlled or artificial. This process is called Assigned Indexing ... ... ...

Saturday, December 31, 2016

Happy Healthy New Year 2017 to Library Professionals

Librarians Personality Development

Dear Library and Information Science Professionals, wish you all a very happy, healthy, and prosperous new year 2017.

My 8 blogs including "Resource Description & Access (RDA)" and "Librarianship Studies & Information Technology" are a reflection of my quest for knowledge in Library and Information Science. 

The articles written in these blogs started with my desire to learn about those topics. For this, I use to carry out extensive study and research on those subjects and write in an organized way so that I may refer to the presented information later on, whenever I need. I do this, as the capacity of the brain is limited to hold and remember information. At the same time, I thought there are many library professionals who desire to learn for the same information, so I also share the information about the articles published on my LIS blogs through the social media.

In continuation of my quest for professional knowledge on library issues, I also thought to learn how I can better my personality. Hence, I have started a category on my personal blog "Salman Haider" named "Librarians Personality Development." 

Librarians are the face of the library, and it is important they possess an impressive and strong personality. Following broad areas are determined to work on to achieve a strong personality and for the overall personal development of library and information science professionals:

Contents

  • About Personality / Personal Development
  • Education / Learning / Mind Power Techniques
  • Willpower / Habits Control / Time Management
  • Health / Workout / Yoga
  • Lifestyle / Positivity
  • Technology / Gadgets
  • English Language / Communication Skills


For Librarians Personality Development the primary and foremost thing is health. Nowadays in modern libraries, most of the works by the librarians are done on the computer and their sedentary lifestyle makes them unfit. After the age of 40 many library professionals develop symptoms of cervical and spondylitis, big tummy, put on weight, etc. due to their unhealthy lifestyle and lack of physical activity. 

Following two articles are written in the category "Librarians Personality Development." 
  • Librarians Personality Development - Exercises and Workout - In this article Exercises for librarians and computer users in office and home are given to help library professionals become active, healthy, and regain proper body shape, which can be done without going to a gym.
  • Gym Workout Schedule and Diet Plan - Gym Workout Schedule and Diet Plan for a Healthy Body. Bodybuilding has a lot of impact on personality development. The first impression of your personality is your physical looks and body. This comprehensive article will help you in your bodybuilding plan.
These articles are again the outcome of the need of my (not so good) health. So I did extensive study and contributed significant time in writing these blog posts. My "New Year Resolution" is to better my health on the basis of recommendations mentioned in these blog posts. You can do the same...

If wish to be updated with the new articles published in the Salman Haider's blog category "Librarians Personality Development," then there are two places to follow.
  1. Salman Haider Author (Facebook Page)
  2. Personality Personal & Self Development (Google+ Collection)
Wish you again a HEALTHY NEW YEAR... 

SEE ALSO 

ARTICLE AUTHOR

ARTICLE HISTORY
  • Last Updated 2017-01-01 
  • Written 2016-12-31

PERMALINK

Thanks all for your love, suggestions, testimonials, likes, +1, tweets, and

Friday, December 23, 2016

Gym Workout Schedule and Diet Plan

Personality Development

Gym Workout Schedule and Diet Plan for a Healthy Body is explained in this new article in the category Librarians Personality Development. Bodybuilding has a lot of impact on personality development. The first impression of your personality is your physical looks and body. This comprehensive article will help you in your bodybuilding plan.

Librarians are the face of the library, and it is important they possess an impressive and strong personality. For Librarians Personality Development the primary and foremost thing is health. Nowadays in modern libraries, most of the works by the librarians are done on the computer and their sedentary lifestyle makes them unfit. After the age of 40 many library professionals develop symptoms of cervical and spondylitis, big tummy, put on weight, etc. due to their unhealthy lifestyle and lack of physical activity. Exercises for librarians and computer users in office and home are given in this blog post to help library professionals become active, healthy, and regain proper body shape. Bookmark this blog post and visit frequently and do as many exercises and workouts to see the positive impact and transformation in your personality yourself.

These exercises may also be done without gym and machines but it will be more effective if you do it by joining a gym with modern equipment.

For exercises useful for professionals who are too busy at office and home, spend too much time on a computer, and don't get time to go to a gym, please see the article, Librarians Personality Development - Exercises and Workout.

Contents


GYM WORKOUT SCHEDULE

  • Fat Reduction and Muscle Building Gym Work Schedule
    • Monday
      • Cardio
      • Chest
    • Tuesday
      • Cardio
      • Biceps
      • Triceps
    • Wednesday
      • Cardio
      • Upper Back
      • Lower Back
    • Thursday
      • Cardio
      • Abdominals
      • Oblique
    • Friday
      • Cardio
      • Shoulders
      • Forearms
    • Saturday
      • Cardio
      • Legs
    • Sunday
      • Cardio


DIET PLAN

  • Fat Reduction and Muscle Building Diet Plan
    • Early morning 6 am
    • Breakfast 10 am
    • Brunch 12 am
    • Lunch 2 pm
    • Refreshment 5 pm
    • Evening 7 pm (Pre-workout)
    • Evening 8:30 (Post-workout)
    • Dinner 10 pm
    • Pre-bed 11 pm

GYM WORKOUT SCHEDULE

FAT REDUCTION AND MUSCLE BUILDING GYM WORKOUT SCHEDULE

Following gym workout schedule is for flat reduction and muscle strengthening suggested by a noted gym instructor. It is designed for a beginner having a sedentary lifestyle who is going to the gym the first time. Between different workout, 1 minute of resting period should be taken.

Monday

CARDIO MACHINETimeLevelSpeed
Treadmill10
Elliptical20
Upright Bike-
Recumbent Bike-

Do cardio for 30 minutes before the workout and you should also do cardio for 10-20 minutes post-workout.

External Links (Videos)

CHESTWeightRepsSets
Push-Ups103
Smith Chest Press103
Pectoral Fly103
Dumbbell Press--
Flat B/P103
Dumbbell Fly--
Incline Bench Press--

External Links (Videos)

Tuesday

CARDIO MACHINETimeLevelSpeed
Treadmill10
Elliptical20
Upright Bike-
Recumbent Bike-

For cardio demonstration videos, see External Links in Monday's schedule.

BICEPSWeightRepsSets
Bartbell Curls103
Dumbbell Curls103
Dumbbell Concentration--
Hammer Curls103
Precher Curls103
Pulley Curl103

External Links (Videos)

TRICEPSWeightRepsSets
Parallel Dips
Skull Crushers
Dumbbell Overhead103
Kick Back103
Single Arm Triceps103
Pulley Push Down103

External Links (Videos)

Wednesday

CARDIO MACHINETimeLevelSpeed
Treadmill10
Elliptical20
Upright Bike-
Recumbent Bike-

For cardio demonstration videos, see External Links in Monday's schedule.


UPPER BACKWeightRepsSets
Lat Pull103
Bent Over Rowing--
Seated Row103
One Arm Row103
Back Extension Chair--
Pulley Pull Over103

External Links (Videos)

LOWER BACKWeightRepsSets
Good Morning103
Hyper Extension103
Dead Lift
Ball Extension

External Links (Videos)

Thursday

CARDIO MACHINETimeLevelSpeed
Treadmill10
Elliptical20
Upright Bike-
Recumbent Bike-

For cardio demonstration videos, see External Links in Monday's schedule.

ABDOMINALSWeightRepsSets
Leg Raiser203
Crunches203
Bridge + Plank30 sec3
Air Bike203
V-Up--
Boss Leg Raiser--
Full Crunches--

External Links (Videos)

OBLIQUEWeightRepsSets
Dumbbell Side Bends153
Side Bridge30 sec3
Ball Side Crunches203
Sideleg Raise203
Hell Torch203

External Links (Videos)

Friday

CARDIO MACHINETimeLevelSpeed
Treadmill10
Elliptical20
Upright Bike-
Recumbent Bike-

For cardio demonstration videos, see External Links in Monday's schedule.

SHOULDERSWeightRepsSets
Over Head Press103
Dumbbell Press--
Lateral Raise103
Front Raiser103
Rear Raiser103
Upright--
Shrugs103
Rotatar Cuff103

External Links (Videos)

FOREARMSWeightRepsSets
Writst Bench Curls103
Reverse Curls103
Standing Wrist Curls--
Reverse Preacher Curls--

External Links (Videos)

Saturday

CARDIO MACHINETimeLevelSpeed
Treadmill10
Elliptical20
Upright Bike-
Recumbent Bike-

For cardio demonstration videos, see External Links in Monday's schedule.


LEGSWeightRepsSets
Squats/Free Squats103
Lunges103
Leg Press103
Prone Leg Curl103
Glute Maximum Kickback203
Calf Raises203

External Links (Videos)

Sunday

CARDIO MACHINETimeLevelSpeed
Treadmill10
Elliptical20
Upright Bike-
Recumbent Bike-

For cardio demonstration videos, see External links in Monday's schedule.

DIET PLAN

FAT REDUCTION AND MUSCLE BUILDING DIET PLAN

Early morning 6 am

It is very important to eat something energetic as well as healthy when you wake up in the morning. Some examples are:
  • Oatmeal in water (optionally mix peanut / butter / almond / walnuts)
  • Soaked almonds (40 gms) + Skimmed milk (1 glass)
  • A glass of lukewarm water with honey
  • A cup of tea with skimmed milk, no sugar and two biscuits
  • Drink Only One Teaspoon of ACV & Honey with a glass of warm water
  • A glass of lukewarm water with lemon
  • Wake up with lemon water and a cup of green tea with pure honey

Breakfast 10 am

By 9 or 10 am your body needs something more eat. Some examples are:
  • 4 egg white with 1 brown bread
  • Curd (1 soup bowl)
  • Sprout salad (1 big cup)
  • Chicken sandwich (4 slice brown bread)
  • 2 Wheat Rotis or chapatis + 1/2 cup paneer gravy
  • A plate of brown bread, upma and a cup of skimmed milk
  • 2 slices of brown bread + 2 hard boiled eggs
  • Four grain mix (jowar, bajra, nachni, wheat) or whole wheat toast with panner bhurji or tofu
  • Broken wheat upma or daliya and low fat milk
  • Two idlis with half a cup of sambhar and half cup of low fat milk with grean tea

Brunch 12 am / Mid Morning Snack

Brunch is also and important part of your gym and diet plan. For example:
  • 1 apple
  • 1 Grape fruit or  Water melon / Pineapple / Cantaloupe (1 whole / 1 big bowl) + 2 cheese slice
  • A banana or 20 grapes or 1/2 cup melon or a fistsful of almonds or walnuts
  • papaya with a dash of lemon or a low fat yogurt with mixed fruits
  • Raw carrots

Lunch 2 pm

Take proper lunch, such as the following:
  • 1 chapati, 1 dal, and salad (alternate three days of the week)
  • 50 gram boiled, smoked chicken/fish with 6 to 8 spoon brown rice (alternate three days of the week)
  • 1 cup brown rice (200 grams) + half cup mixed vegetables + 1 small bowl of raita + 1 bowl vegetable salad
  • 1 cup brown rice (200 grams) + half cup mixed vegetables + 100 grams of chicken (boiled or stir fried in olive oil) + 1 bowl vegetable salad
  • Red or brown rice small bowl or two moong dal chilla
  • Two rotis (mixed grain) with vegetables plus low fat yogurt and dal

Refreshment 5 pm

Take some refreshment in the evening
  • 1 green tea with 1 fiber biscuit
  • Butter milk - 1 glass or 1 cup
  • Green tea or half a cup of oats cooked in water
  • Fruits and nuts
  • A small bowl of air popped popcorn or makhanas with pepper and ghee

Evening 7 pm (Pre-workout Meals/Snacks)

You need to have a light snack or a light meal before you head on out to the gym for your workout. A light meal will let your body store up on the required amount of energy necessary during your workout. A pre-workout meal is a must because it helps protect the muscles you have worked on so hard to build. When your body doesn't have enough energy, it starts to break down muscle tissue as a substitute. To prevent this, a light snack before a workout is absolutely necessary.

The Top pre-workout meals/snacks/foods you can eat within an hour or 30 minutes before your workout:
  • Oats : Oats are one of the best pre-workout snacks. Oats are full of fiber, which means they gradually release carbohydrates into your bloodstream. This steady stream keeps your energy levels consistent during your workout. Oats also contain B vitamins, which help convert carbohydrates into energy. Help yourself to one cup at least 30 minutes before you begin exercising.
  • Bananas : Bananas are loaded with digestible carbohydrates and are packed with potassium, which aids in maintaining nerve and muscle function. The body doesn’t store potassium for very long, so a medium banana before a workout will help keep nutrient levels high. You can also eat a medium banana with 1/2 cup of Greek yogurt.
  • Dry fruits / Peanuts or Almonds / Raisins : A cup of dry fruits is a great option for people who only have a few minutes before hitting the gym. Dry fruits are packed with simple carbs and are so light that they will help in fueling your body. A combination may be almonds, pistas, apricots, and dried berries.
  • Whole grain bread : One slice of wholegrain bread is all you need to fuel up on energy. One slice contain enough carbohydrates to help you get through your workout with ease. You can pair it up with jam or honey.
  • 2 bite dark chocolate
  • Protein Shake / Ice coffee with protein powder / Chocolate milk
  • Eggs
  • Whole wheat toast with peanut butter
  • A fruit cup / Peanut Butter Covered Apple / Greek Yogurt & Fruit
What to avoid: If you're not going to have anything from above list, there are a few things you should keep in mind. Be sure to avoid fatty foods before working out--fat leaves the stomach very slowly, which means you’ll feel full and sluggish and could cramp up easily. Although carbohydrates are good, you should not get them from raw sugar or candy. Also, don’t overeat before you workout. These are all snack suggestions, not meals. Eating too much can cause indigestion, sluggishness, nausea and vomiting.

Workout

Now you are fit for the heavy workout at the gym.

Evening 8:30 (Post-workout; 5-10 minutes after workout)

After a tough gym session, post-workout snacks are an important way to restore energy and rebuild muscle, too. Downed within two hours after exercise, protein-packed shakes and snacks are a great way to rebuild tissue that breaks down during exercise.
  • 3 to 4 egg white
  • Fruit juice
  • Milk and cereal: Add 1 cup of low-fat milk to 1 cup of whole-grain cereal. 
  • Chocolate milk: One to two cups of low-fat chocolate milk seals the deal with extra carbs and protein.
  • Dry fruits and nuts

Dinner 10 pm

Take a light dinner.
  • 1 chapati roll with salad
  • 2 chapatis or rotis + 1 bowl of vegetable soup + 1 bowl of salad
  • 1 chapati or roti + 1/2 cup of lentils (dal) + 50 grams of fish + 1 bowl of raita
  • A thin soup with rotis and vegetables
  • Oats upma with vegetable curry
  • Lemon water

Pre-bed 11 pm

Before you go to bed, have something as suggested below:
  • 1 glass of milk (double toned 150 ml) (optionally with Chyawanprash)
SEE ALSO
  • Librarians Personality Development Personality Development and Personal Development of Librarians and library professionals are explained here. This section starts with a definition of a librarian, followed by a brief description of personality development, personal development, and why it is so important for librarians to possess an impressive and strong personality. Contents of broad areas determined to work on for Librarians Personality Development is then provided which covers topics such as, education, habits control, health, lifestyle, technology and communication skills ...

ARTICLE AUTHOR

ARTICLE HISTORY
  • Last Updated 2017-02-05 
  • Written 2016-12-23

PERMALINK

TESTIMONIALS
  • Testimonial 1

Thanks all for your love, suggestions, testimonials, likes, +1, tweets, and shares ...